Crankshaft Position Sensor

What is a Crankshaft Position Sensor?

The crankshaft position sensor (CKP sensor) is an electronic device used to monitor the position or rotational speed of the crankshaft. The data collected by this sensor is crucial for engine management systems, as it helps control the timing of fuel injection and ignition, ensuring the engine runs smoothly and efficiently.

Function of the Crankshaft Position Sensor

  1. Engine Timing
    The primary function of the crankshaft position sensor is to monitor the position and rotational speed of the crankshaft. This information is sent to the engine control unit (ECU), which uses it to time the spark plug firing and fuel injection precisely.
  2. Synchronization
    It ensures the synchronization of the crankshaft and camshaft, which is essential for the correct operation of the engine. This synchronization helps maintain the correct sequence of fuel injection and ignition timing.
  3. Engine Performance Monitoring
    The sensor helps the ECU monitor and adjust the engine’s performance, improving fuel efficiency and reducing emissions. Accurate data from the CKP sensor allows for better control of the air-fuel mixture and ignition timing.

Symptoms of a Failing Crankshaft Position Sensor

  1. Engine Misfires
    One of the most common symptoms of a failing CKP sensor is engine misfires. This occurs when the sensor provides inaccurate data, leading to incorrect timing of fuel injection and ignition.
  2. Starting Problems
    Difficulty starting the engine or frequent stalling can indicate a malfunctioning crankshaft position sensor. Without accurate data, the ECU cannot properly control the engine’s starting sequence.
  3. Check Engine Light
    A failing CKP sensor often triggers the check engine light on the dashboard. While this light can indicate various issues, a diagnostic scan can reveal if the crankshaft position sensor is the culprit.
  4. Reduced Engine Performance
    A faulty sensor can lead to poor engine performance, including reduced power, sluggish acceleration, and lower fuel efficiency. The engine may also run rough or exhibit abnormal vibrations.
  5. Irregular Idling
    If the CKP sensor fails, the engine may idle irregularly, with fluctuating RPMs or a tendency to stall when coming to a stop.

Any enquiries please contact : +6012-638 9647

Use Waze to drive to Emerald Auto Parts 31 Jalan 3/57b, Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur: